Volcanic Ash: Impacts to Aviation, Climate, Maritime Operations, and Society

Volcanic Ash: Impacts to Aviation, Climate, Maritime Operations, and Society

This module is the third in the four-part Volcanic Ash series. It provides information on the impacts of an explosive volcanic eruption to aviation, climate, maritime operations and society. The threats, or impacts, from an eruption vary depending on the eruption style, duration and proximity--both in distance and altitude--to the volcano. As you learned earlier, an eruption may bring multiple hazards to urban and rural areas through:

  • Lahars (mudflows) and floods
  • Lava-flow inundation
  • Pyroclastic flows and surge
  • Volcanic ash and bomb fallout
  • Volcanic gases

In this module, we'll take a closer look at the impacts that volcanic eruptions, ash, and gases have on:

  • Aviation
  • Climate
  • Maritime operations
  • Society