Arctic Meteorology and Oceanography

Arctic Meteorology and Oceanography
After completing instruction the learner should be able to do the following:
  • Recall the mission of the U.S. Coast Guard in the Arctic
With respect to Arctic geography:
  • Describe the different ways that Arctic is defined
  • Recall countries, oceans, and marginal seas
  • Describe topography, including the locations of significant mountains, tundra, and glaciers
With respect to Arctic climate:
  • Describe differences in climatology between the Arctic and lower latitudes
  • Recall synoptic features for winter and summer
  • Recall patterns of temperature and precipitation
  • Describe factors that affect wind, clouds
  • Describe the different types of fog and factors that lead to their development in the Arctic
  • Describe flow interaction with topography in the Arctic
  • Describe the climatology of cyclones in the Arctic
With respect to vessel icing:
  • Describe the factors that affect vessel icing potential
  • Recall avoidance and mitigation strategies for dealing with vessel icing
  • Recall the forecast products that are available
With respect to sea ice and icebergs:
  • Describe the climatology and classification of sea ice
  • Recall operational sea ice products
  • Describe the climatology and classification of icebergs
  • Recall operational iceberg products
With respect to Arctic oceanography:
  • Describe currents, bathymetry, and water masses in the Arctic Ocean
  • Describe waves in the Arctic and how they are affected by sea ice
  • Recall operational wave products
With respect to NWP in the Arctic:
  • Recall the NWP models that are run for the Arctic region
  • Describe the surface and satellite observations that are used to initialize models