* Describe the orbits and coverage of current polar-orbiting environmental satellites.
* Describe improvements in data latency with the implementation of pipeline processing and the NPOESS SafetyNet© ground system.
* State the differences between active and passive microwave remote sensing.
* Describe crosstrack, conical, and fan beam scanning strategies, the advantages and limitations of each, and their impacts on viewing geometry and spatial resolution.
* Describe the difference between window regions and absorption regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.
* State the relationship between observed microwave energy, sensor field-of-view, and spatial resolution.
* Describe the basic principle of polarization, how it can affect emitted microwave radiation, and its importance for characterizing surface features and atmospheric constituents.
* Describe why water surfaces generally appear relatively cold and land surfaces appear relatively warm in the microwave.
* Describe how passive microwave observations can be used to infer ocean surface wind speed and direction.
* Describe the relationship between dielectric effect, scattering, and emissivity and its importance for microwave remote sensing.
* Name some of the remote sensing applications that rely on the dielectric effect on observed microwave radiation.