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Forecasters' Overview of the Middle East

Forecasters' Overview of the Middle East

After completing this instruction, the learner will be able to do the following:

  1. Geography and Topography of the Middle East
    On a map, locate and identify the following:

    1. Countries and major cities

    2. Mountain ranges and plains

    3. Deserts

    4. Islands

    5. Major volcanic and seismically active areas (including tsunami risk)

    6. Major rivers  

    7. Major inland water bodies

  1. Oceanography and Bathymetry of the marginal seas in the region, with an emphasis on the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea.
    With the aid of a map, do the following:

    1. Identify and locate major oceans, seas, trenches, and straits

    2. Describe the bathymetry of the oceans and seas

    3. Locate and describe ocean currents

    4. Locate areas with large and small tidal ranges

    5. Identify significant ocean fronts, eddies, sea surface temperatures, and water clarity on satellite imagery and ocean models

    6. Locate major bays and ports

  1. General Climatology of the Middle East

    1. Describe the Northeast Monsoon

    2. Describe the Southwest Monsoon

    3. Describe the climatology of extra tropical cyclones in this area

    4. Discuss monthly and seasonal tropical cyclone development statistics for this area of responsibility

    5. Discuss annual cycle of surface temperatures

  1. Wind Regimes

    1. Identify the synoptic patterns associated with high winds and seas (12 feet or greater/gale and storm force winds).

    2. Identify the synoptic patterns conducive to the formation and cessation of mesoscale wind systems, including the following wind regimes:

      1. Khamsin

      2. Shamal

      3. Quas

      4. Naschi

      5. Haboob

    3. Discuss types and distributions of Mideast dust events

  1. Hazards to Aviation
    Describe the spatial and seasonal occurrence of:

    1. Ceiling and Visibility

    2. Icing

    3. Turbulence (including orographic winds)

    4. Sand storms/dust

    5. Excess temperatures as they affect operations / aviation

  1. Hazards to Maritime Operations:
    Describe the spatial and seasonal occurrence of:

    1. Ceilings and Visibility

    2. High winds and seas

    3. Sand storms/dust

    4. Sea Fog