Synoptic Meteorology

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    • Languages: English
    • Completion Time: varies
    • Topics:
      Other

Description

This course presents the structure and behavior of midlatitude, synoptic-scale weather systems, including a review of the fundamentals of midlatitude atmospheric dynamics and scales of motion. The following weather systems and phenomena are included: jet streams, air masses, fronts, cyclones and anticyclones. Quasi-geostrophic theory is also covered.

Goals and Objectives

Overview

Course Outline

Additional Resources

Course Outline

Foundational Concepts

Quasigeostrophic Theory

      • Quasi Geostrophic Vorticity Equation
      • Quasi Geostrophic Vorticity Equation
        Languages: English, Spanish
        Publish Date: 2014-09-30
        Last Updated On: 2014-09-03
        Skill Level: 3
        Topics:
        Other
        (1 rating)
      • Description & Location:

        This learning object/widget is designed for upper-level undergraduates who want to apply their knowledge of the Quasi-geostrophic Vorticity Equation to forecast situations. The interactivity helps users see how each variable interacts within the equation and shows data for different phase shifts.

      • Quasi Geostrophic Omega Equation
      • Quasi Geostrophic Omega Equation
        Languages: English, Spanish
        Publish Date: 2014-06-30
        Last Updated On: 2014-06-29
        Skill Level: 3
        Topics:
        Other
        (3 ratings)
      • Description & Location:

        This learning object/widget is designed for upper-level undergraduates who want to apply their knowledge of the Quasi-geostrophic Omega Equation to forecast situations. The interactivity helps users see how each variable interacts within the equation and shows data for different phase shifts.

      • Introduction to PV
      • Introduction to PV
        Languages: English, French
        Publish Date: 2019-03-22
        Skill Level: 3
        Topics:
        Numerical Modeling (NWP)
        (11 ratings)
      • Description & Location:

        This lesson defines the Potential Vorticity (PV) equation and focuses on the 1.5 PVU height field to look for contributions of the height value, including conveyor belts and vorticity centers. 

      • PV Modification
      • PV Modification
        Languages: English, French
        Publish Date: 2019-03-22
        Skill Level: 3
        Topics:
        Numerical Modeling (NWP)
        (2 ratings)
      • Description & Location:

        This lesson discusses how to modify the PV surface to match water vapour imagery and how those adjustments affect the surface sensible weather. Cross sections are also used. 

Fronts and Semi-geostrophic Theory

      • Frontogenetical Circulations and Stability
      • Frontogenetical Circulations and Stability
        Languages: English
        Publish Date: 2007-10-24
        Skill Level: 3
        Topics:
        Mesoscale Meteorology
        (43 ratings)
      • Description & Location:

        This lesson focuses on an overview of different stability types, including convective, potential, inertial, conditional and symmetric; and frontogenesis and associated circulations. The lesson concludes by discussing the role of stability in determining the character of frontogenetical circulations.

      • EUMeTrain's Manual of Synoptic Satellite Meteorology
      • EUMeTrain's Manual of Synoptic Satellite Meteorology

        This content is not hosted on MetEd.

        Languages: English
        Publish Date: 2014-02-25
        Skill Level: 1
        Topics:
        Satellite Meteorology
        (1 rating)
      • Description & Location:

        The Manual of Synoptic Satellite Meteorology, or SatManu, provides detailed descriptions of approximately fifty atmospheric conceptual models at different scales from a satellite point of view. Each conceptual model has associated exercises and many have case studies that show how the models can be applied. Most of the case studies were developed for specific training courses in Europe. SatManu also has case studies of catastrophic weather events which are presented from the perspective of the conceptual models. In addition, an introductory chapter describes the different satellite channels. This resource is made available courtesy of EUMeTrain and is not produced, owned or hosted by UCAR/COMET.

      • Isentropic Analysis
      • Isentropic Analysis
        Languages: English
        Publish Date: 2002-11-19
        Skill Level: 3
        Topics:
        Other, Winter Weather
        (103 ratings)
      • Description & Location:

        This webcast, presented by Dr. Jim Moore of St. Louis University, covers the advantages and applications of diagnosis and visualization of large-scale flow and vertical motion on surfaces of constant potential temperature. The movement of moisture along these surfaces is emphasized, as is the diagnosis of the components of vertical motion. Background mathematical concepts are presented, then illustrated with soundings, cross sections, and plan view analyses of data from multiple cases.

      • Mesoscale Banded Precipitation
      • Mesoscale Banded Precipitation
        Languages: English, Spanish
        Publish Date: 2005-06-24
        Skill Level: 2
        Topics:
        Mesoscale Meteorology, Winter Weather
        (167 ratings)
      • Description & Location:

        This lesson covers different cyclone model development processes, banding processes, deformation and frontogenesis, the TROWAL (Trough of Warm Air Aloft), frontal mergers, CSI/slantwise convection, and melting/evaporation-induced circulations. 

        This lesson can also aid in topics within the Extratropical Cyclone content area. 

      • Heavy Banded Snow
      • Heavy Banded Snow
        Languages: English
        Publish Date: 2003-09-23
        Skill Level: 2
        Topics:
        Winter Weather
        (83 ratings)
      • Description & Location:

        This lesson defines TROWAL and discusses its role in heavy snow production. The various conveyor belts associated with mature winter cyclones are emphasized. Mid-level frontogenesis and conditional symmetric instability are also covered.

      • Landfalling Fronts and Cyclones
      • Landfalling Fronts and Cyclones
        Languages: English
        Publish Date: 2006-05-24
        Skill Level: 2
        Topics:
        Coastal Weather, Mesoscale Meteorology
        (133 ratings)
      • Description & Location:

        Landfalling cyclones and fronts significantly impact the structure of mesoscale wind and precipitation fields along the west coast of North America. This lesson focuses on the complex interaction of the wind field with topography and the resulting effects on nearshore winds and precipitation.

Jets and Jetstreams

Extratropical Cyclones